Escola Paulista de Medicina
Prostgraduate Program in Gastroenterology

CHRONIC RADIATION PROCTOPATHY: A PRACTICAL REVIEW OF ENDOSCOPIC TREATMENT

capa wjgs 2016 v8 2
Authors: Luciano Lenz, Rachel Rohr, Frank Nakao, Ermelindo Libera, Angelo Ferrari

Abstract: Chronic radiation proctopathy (CRP) is a troublesome complication of pelvic radiotherapy. The most common presentation is rectal bleeding. CRP symptoms interfere with daily activities and decrease quality of life. Rectal bleeding management in patients with CRP represents a conundrum for practitioners. Medical therapy is ineffective in general and surgical approach has a high morbid-mortality. Endoscopy has a role in the diagnosis, staging and treatment of this disease. Currently available endoscopic modalities are formalin, potassium titanyl phosphate laser, neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser, argon laser, bipolar electrocoagulation (BiCAP), heater probe, band ligation, cryotherapy, radiofrequency ablation and argon plasma coagulation (APC). Among these options, APC is the most promising.

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